Soon after, he moved to Sofia , Bulgaria where he started a family by marrying Epime , a local Armenian girl and establishing in Bulgaria. Oxford University Press, , p. At the end of the s, along with a group of Armenian intellectuals in Sofia, he founded the Taron Nationalist Movement and published its organ Taroni Artsiv paper. Operation Gertrud , a joint German-Bulgarian project about attacking Turkey in the event that Ankara joined the allies, was largely discussed in Berlin. As a member of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation , he was involved in national liberation struggle and revolutionary activities during the First Balkan War and World War I. Retrieved 11 August
The Armenians ran out of ammunition and had to withdraw. United Armenia Armenian national awakening Tseghakronism Miatsum. In January Drastamat Kanayan sent a telegram to Nzhdeh, suggesting allowing the sovietization of Syunik, through which they could gain the support of the Bolshevik government in solving the problems of the Armenian lands. Retrieved 4 August Nzhdeh was involved in organizational activities in Bulgaria , Romania and the United States through his frequent visits to Plovdiv , Bucharest and Boston. From Kings and Priests to Merchants and Commissars. After the Russian Revolution and the withdrawal of the Russian army, Nzhdeh fought in the skirmishes of Alajay near Ani , spring , allowing a secure passage for the retreated Armenian volunteer forces into Alexandrapol. After clashing with Turkish forces in Alexandropol, today known as Gyumri, the Armenian fighters led by Nzhdeh dug-in and built fortifications in Karakilisa.
Retrieved 31 October After the conflict, Nzhdeh, his soldiers, and many prominent Armenian intellectuals, including leaders of the first independent Republic of Armenia, crossed the border into the neighboring Persian city of Tabriz.
Nzhdeh requested the detachment’s return, and terminated his connections with Nazi Germany.
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Thus, Nzhdeh was reburied for the third time, finally to rest on the slopes of Mount Khustup near Nzhdeh’s memorial in Kapan. On 9 September Nzhde wrote a letter to Stalin offering his support were the Soviet leadership to attack Turkey. The process was fulfilled through the efforts of Pavel Gaeegin, the husband of Nzhdeh’s granddaughter, with the help of linguistics professor Varag Arakelyan and others, garegi Gurgen Armaghanyan, Garegin Mkhitaryan, Artsakh Buniatyan, and Zhora Barseghyan.
In NovemberNzhdeh was sent to Yerevan, Armenia, awaiting trial. The Armenians ran out of ammunition and had ssmotret withdraw. After clashing with Turkish forces in Alexandropol, today known as Gyumri, the Armenian fighters led by Nzhdeh dug-in and built fortifications in Karakilisa. After the declaration of the independent First Republic of ArmeniaNzhdeh was appointed governor of Nakhijevanand later on, in Augustcommander of the southern corps of the Armenian army. Soon after, he moved to SofiaBulgaria where he started a family by marrying Epimea local Armenian girl and establishing in Bulgaria.
A convinced anti- Bolshevikhe led the defense of Syunik against the rising Bolshevik movement and declared Syunik as a self-governing region in December Later on, inhe commanded the special Armenian- Yezidi military unit. Between April and Julythe Red Army conducted massive military operations in the region, attacking Syunik from north and the east.
Operation Gertruda joint German-Bulgarian project about attacking Turkey in the event that Ankara joined the allies, was largely discussed in Berlin. However, the communist leaders in Moscow refused to send the letter and it only remained a nzhdrh document. After leaving Syunik, Nzhdeh spent four months in the Persian city of Tabriz.
Garegin Nzhdeh was one of the key political and military leaders of garegij First Republic of Armenia —and is widely admired as a charismatic national hero by Armenians.
He was the youngest of four children born to a local village priest. Retrieved 4 August Petersburg to continue his education in a local university.
Retrieved from ” https: On onlien April during the celebration of olnine 84th anniversary of the Republic of Mountainous Armenia, parts of Nzhdeh’s body were taken from the Spitakavor Church to Khustup. After months of fierce battles with the Red Army, the Republic of Mountainous Armenia capitulated in July following Soviet Russia’s promises to keep the mountainous region as a part of Soviet Armenia.
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But it is undeniable that if On,ine has since been an integral part of Soviet Armenia, it was Nzhdeh who made it possible. Between and Nzhdeh was kept in Vladimir Prisonthen until the summer of in a secret prison in Yerevan.
From Kings and Priests to Merchants and Commissars. Anna, 4th class Recipients of the Order of St.
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He received Nzhdeh’s watch and clothing but was not allowed to take his personal writings, which would be published in Yerevan several years later. Oxford University Press,p. Inhe instrumented the establishment of the Republic of Mountainous Armeniaan anti- Bolshevik state that garegni a key factor that led to the inclusion of the province of Syunik into Soviet Armenia.